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ℹ️ Overview

The purpose of this wiki is to help you take an analog video signal and make it into a digital file.

There are a few different types of analog video signals. This wiki will focus on Composite or CVBS (NTSC or PAL depending on your region), S-video (Y/C), and Component (Y/pB/pR).

The two main methods we will cover are Rescanning, which involves pointing a digital camera at a screen displaying the analog signal, and Direct Input Capture, which uses a specialized analog-to-digital converter device to take in the video signal and record it or send it into a computer.

Both of these methods can yield high quality results, both require some effort and knowledge to set up, and both can be done with a low or high budget. Here are some things to consider that may help you decide which one is right for your project.

  • When working with a CRT, rescanning can allow you to capture glitchy or unstable signals that would drop or display differently in a digital capture
  • Captures the color and texture of your video monitor for a more natural effect
  • Built-in upscaling if you use an HD camera
  • Requires a more controlled environment
  • Requires some knowledge of camera settings and techniques for best results
  • Requires a decent video monitor/display
Direct Input Capture
  • Many capture devices can work as live video inputs for livestreaming or processing your video feed in software
  • Results will likely be more consistent across multiple sessions
  • Requires specialized capture device, higher end options can be expensive
  • If using a computer-connected capture device, requires working with drivers and researching compatibility with operating systems and updates
  • Can be less accessible for people just starting out